Operating leverage: what happens to profit margins if revenues fall. And if it grows up?
Usually business owners are interested in two interrelated indicators: revenue and profit. Revenue shows how much the company earned, and profit shows how much is left after deducting expenses. Most…

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Control of operations with cash and property
The institution of mandatory control over transactions with money and other property is one of the basic elements of the functioning of the Russian system for countering the legalization and…

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8 reasons why a business is losing money out of the blue
When we start working with financial accounting in companies, the first thing we do is collect basic reports. Thus, we digitize the company. And thanks to this digitization, it is…

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Types of cash flows: operating, investment, financial
You count the money at the end of the month and see that the expenses are more than the income, which means that it has gone into negative territory. I…

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Opportunities for mutual funds for financing in a group of companies
All this is really applicable to mutual funds. A mutual fund, as a tool, has unique properties. However, the high cost of "maintenance" due to the need to comply with…

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totality of tax bases

Progressive tax rate

Tax base and set of tax bases
When determining the tax base, all incomes of an individual that are received by him both in cash and in kind or the right to dispose of which he has arisen, as well as income in the form of material benefits, determined according to the rules of Art. 212 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation (clause 1 of article 210 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation).

At the same time, the tax base is determined separately for each type of income, for which different tax rates are established (clause 2, article 210 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation). Continue reading

How to get through the off-season without cash gaps
In the spring and summer, the company had strong sales, and in late autumn, winter and early spring it had to take out loans and overdrafts. They figured out how…

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Someone turned in a report for you: how scammers use business to their advantage
Some entrepreneurs outsource bookkeeping to professionals to keep records and submit reports. This is a normal situation. But sometimes reports are submitted by unknown people. This is an abnormal situation…

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Auditor VS Management company: when which instrument to choose
Let us recall that in addition to the general meeting of its members, the board of directors and the director, the structure of the company's management bodies can include the…

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