Mistakes and risks of financing in the group of companies
You may already be familiar with our analytics on allegations of artificial business splitting, which covered all tax arbitration disputes in the context of "business splitting" in a complete manner.…

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The third rule for building a group of companies without signs of artificial fragmentation.
Let's turn to business process notation again. Earlier we decided on the inputs, the activity itself, and the outputs (goals). However, in arbitration practice on artificial fragmentation of a business,…

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3 non-standard cases when a tuition deduction can "burn out"
The tuition deduction is one of the most common deductions for individuals. But this does not negate some cases, in the event of which the deduction for treatment may disappear.…

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Inheritance of shares in LLC
Shares in an LLC are inherited in the standard manner, like other property, including by will, inheritance contract. At the same time, partners often discuss what rights the heirs will…

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Sales management in an ERP system
The program implements commercial offers that allow you to record data on negotiations with customers to determine the composition of the nomenclatures and terms of sale. The order itself in…

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bond issuers

Management company for business: opportunities, options and risks

The inclusion of a management company in the legal business model is a common phenomenon. As a rule, the management staff of a business is one and it is impossible to divide it between companies. This always leads to the need to search for such a management option, when the owner retains control and influence both on the entire business as a whole and on any of its segments. Despite the economic independence of each subject of the group. This is how a common management company appears. But, as always, important nuances cannot be dispensed with. Continue reading

Progressive tax rate

Tax base and set of tax bases
When determining the tax base, all incomes of an individual that are received by him both in cash and in kind or the right to dispose of which he has arisen, as well as income in the form of material benefits, determined according to the rules of Art. 212 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation (clause 1 of article 210 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation).

At the same time, the tax base is determined separately for each type of income, for which different tax rates are established (clause 2, article 210 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation). Continue reading

Exchange-traded bonds for medium-sized businesses

It is no secret that in recent years there has been an interest of individuals in investing, the number of open investment accounts is growing, and the state is supporting enterprises in their desire to issue bonds. While rates on bank deposits tend to zero, the Moscow Exchange index is breaking records.

Against this background, enterprises are increasingly thinking about attracting alternative financing and issuing bonds. The rate on bonds is usually higher, but in return, you can forget about the pledge of property and the personal guarantee of business owners. Continue reading

The second wave of coronavirus: what should businesses do?
More than half of entrepreneurs have not yet recovered from the first wave of coronavirus, and experts are already predicting a new outbreak. We tell you whether it is possible…

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Internal IT: development and maintenance of software in the group of companies
Quite often, we see an “internal IT company” in the business structure, which performs a different range of functions - from developing on the 1C platform or writing proprietary warehouse…

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Profit and loss statement: how much your business earns
Every businessman wants to know his profit and manage it. A tool called the income statement (OPI) helps to calculate it correctly. We tell you what it is, why it…

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