Operating leverage: what happens to profit margins if revenues fall. And if it grows up?
Usually business owners are interested in two interrelated indicators: revenue and profit. Revenue shows how much the company earned, and profit shows how much is left after deducting expenses. Most…

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How to get a tax deduction
Mortgages are now in great demand and many banks offer borrowers different conditions. It often happens that you take a mortgage at one percent, then time passes and another bank…

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Progressive tax rate
Tax base and set of tax bases When determining the tax base, all incomes of an individual that are received by him both in cash and in kind or the…

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When you can't do without an agency agreement
We have repeatedly talked about the pros and cons of an agency agreement (see, for example, here), pointing out the need for a deliberate approach to the use of the…

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Management company for business: opportunities, options and risks
The inclusion of a management company in the legal business model is a common phenomenon. As a rule, the management staff of a business is one and it is impossible…

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Convertible loan as an investment tool

Тtraditionally, investment transactions are realized through ordinary loans or direct investments (creation of a joint venture or purchase of a stake in an existing company). Today we will consider a difficult but interesting investment instrument – a convertible loan.

Briefly refresh what tasks classical instruments solve
Loans are used when a company (borrower) needs to finance short-term or long-term projects, and an investor (lender) wants to capitalize on this by claiming interest income. Neither the borrower nor the lender is interested in building strong corporate relationships. Continue reading

The first rule of building a group of companies without signs of artificial fragmentation

Let’s remember what we know about business processes?

They have a beginning and an end, that is, they have boundaries in time. There is an “exit”, to which a unique result is served, after receiving which the client becomes more satisfied. Since there is an “exit”, there must be an “entrance”. We supply it with the necessary resources (material – transformable, as well as labor, financial, informational – providing), which are transformed into something valuable for the client in the course of a business process using a certain technology. Continue reading

Cancellation of imposed insurance
The problem with the imposition of insurance on citizens has been taking place for more than a year. Anyone who has ever had to take a loan knows that the…

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Mistakes and risks of financing in the group of companies
You may already be familiar with our analytics on allegations of artificial business splitting, which covered all tax arbitration disputes in the context of "business splitting" in a complete manner.…

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How to receive dividends regularly and without harm to the company
If the company makes a profit, then the owner of the business can receive dividends. But it is often not clear how much you can withdraw and how to do…

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