Management company for business: opportunities, options and risks
The inclusion of a management company in the legal business model is a common phenomenon. As a rule, the management staff of a business is one and it is impossible…

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On the preparation of an investment declaration by a SEZ participant
In accordance with Part 2 of Art. 13 of the Federal Law of 29.11.2014 No. 377-FZ "On the development of the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol…

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Profit and loss statement: how much your business earns
Every businessman wants to know his profit and manage it. A tool called the income statement (OPI) helps to calculate it correctly. We tell you what it is, why it…

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Operating leverage: what happens to profit margins if revenues fall. And if it grows up?
Usually business owners are interested in two interrelated indicators: revenue and profit. Revenue shows how much the company earned, and profit shows how much is left after deducting expenses. Most…

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10 mistakes entrepreneurs make in purchasing
Procurement is not only participation in tenders, but also simply the purchase of goods necessary for a business. Purchasing departments or managers play an important role in a company's business…

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How do I get multiple deductions in one year?

Let us remind you that the tax deduction gives you the right to return the income tax previously paid to the budget or reduce the tax payable.

You can get a deduction only if you are a tax resident of the Russian Federation and pay personal income tax on a certain type of income. Until 2021, a deduction could be obtained for any type of income taxed at a rate of 13%. And since 2021, the rules have changed – now the list of income from which you can get a deduction has been significantly reduced. In addition to the salary received under employment contracts and GPC contracts, the calculation includes income received from the lease of property, from the provision of various services and some other income. Continue reading

Inheritance of shares in LLC

Shares in an LLC are inherited in the standard manner, like other property, including by will, inheritance contract. At the same time, partners often discuss what rights the heirs will have, whether they will be able to enter the business on a full-fledged basis and whether they have enough competencies and life experience to participate in decision-making.

We propose to figure out whether it is possible to restrict the entry of heirs into the business and how to provide guarantees for both the heirs and the remaining partners. Continue reading

Direct and indirect costs or why it is impossible to count net profit by line of business

In companies with several divisions and branches, it is difficult to calculate the profit of each. You can subtract all expenses from all income and get some value. But this approach is not entirely correct. Rather, it would be to understand the direct and indirect costs, calculate the gross profit and only in this way determine the efficiency of the business.

Why exactly and what all these parameters mean – we will consider in this article. Continue reading

The first rule of building a group of companies without signs of artificial fragmentation
Let's remember what we know about business processes? They have a beginning and an end, that is, they have boundaries in time. There is an “exit”, to which a unique…

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Mistakes and risks of financing in the group of companies
You may already be familiar with our analytics on allegations of artificial business splitting, which covered all tax arbitration disputes in the context of "business splitting" in a complete manner.…

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Business inheritance using the Articles of Association and Corporate Agreement
Often, business growth is impossible without attracting partners in its individual areas / projects / companies. And relations with such partners must be pre-regulated and legally secured, which is guaranteed…

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