Exchange-traded bonds for medium-sized businesses
It is no secret that in recent years there has been an interest of individuals in investing, the number of open investment accounts is growing, and the state is supporting…

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Types of cash flows: operating, investment, financial
You count the money at the end of the month and see that the expenses are more than the income, which means that it has gone into negative territory. I…

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How to get through the off-season without cash gaps
In the spring and summer, the company had strong sales, and in late autumn, winter and early spring it had to take out loans and overdrafts. They figured out how…

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Auditor VS Management company: when which instrument to choose
Let us recall that in addition to the general meeting of its members, the board of directors and the director, the structure of the company's management bodies can include the…

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Production accounting in "1C: Management of our company 8"
Capabilities for production accounting "1C: Management of our company 8" allows you to perform comprehensive production accounting - order and serial. With the help of the program, you can control…

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Operating leverage: what happens to profit margins if revenues fall. And if it grows up?

Usually business owners are interested in two interrelated indicators: revenue and profit. Revenue shows how much the company earned, and profit shows how much is left after deducting expenses.

Most likely, if the revenue is higher, then the profit will increase. On the contrary, it also works: if the revenue falls, then the same will happen with the profit. And everything would be very simple if there was a direct relationship between the indicators. But no: the revenue may sink just a little, and this will lead to large losses. Continue reading

Direct and indirect costs or why it is impossible to count net profit by line of business

In companies with several divisions and branches, it is difficult to calculate the profit of each. You can subtract all expenses from all income and get some value. But this approach is not entirely correct. Rather, it would be to understand the direct and indirect costs, calculate the gross profit and only in this way determine the efficiency of the business.

Why exactly and what all these parameters mean – we will consider in this article. Continue reading

The third rule for building a group of companies without signs of artificial fragmentation.

Let’s turn to business process notation again. Earlier we decided on the inputs, the activity itself, and the outputs (goals). However, in arbitration practice on artificial fragmentation of a business, there are several criteria at once for charges related to management and ownership. Rule # 3 is about management and owners.

What’s wrong here:

in order to avoid interdependence between the companies of the group, so-called proxies are introduced into the ownership structure – nominal, that is, they do not really participate in business processes, packaged in a specific legal entity. Continue reading

Control of operations with cash and property
The institution of mandatory control over transactions with money and other property is one of the basic elements of the functioning of the Russian system for countering the legalization and…

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How do I get multiple deductions in one year?
Let us remind you that the tax deduction gives you the right to return the income tax previously paid to the budget or reduce the tax payable. You can get…

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Most Effective Methods
Three main rules First of all, let's look at three rules that you need to keep in mind when looking for the right channel to promote your business. The cost…

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