Profit and loss statement: how much your business earns
Every businessman wants to know his profit and manage it. A tool called the income statement (OPI) helps to calculate it correctly. We tell you what it is, why it…

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What is microbusiness
Starting your own microbusiness is much easier than it sounds. Whether you are making jewelry by hand, printing something for sale or sewing, half the battle is already done. It…

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The second wave of coronavirus: what should businesses do?
More than half of entrepreneurs have not yet recovered from the first wave of coronavirus, and experts are already predicting a new outbreak. We tell you whether it is possible…

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Progressive tax rate
Tax base and set of tax bases When determining the tax base, all incomes of an individual that are received by him both in cash and in kind or the…

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Someone turned in a report for you: how scammers use business to their advantage
Some entrepreneurs outsource bookkeeping to professionals to keep records and submit reports. This is a normal situation. But sometimes reports are submitted by unknown people. This is an abnormal situation…

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specifics of doing

The third rule for building a group of companies without signs of artificial fragmentation.

Let’s turn to business process notation again. Earlier we decided on the inputs, the activity itself, and the outputs (goals). However, in arbitration practice on artificial fragmentation of a business, there are several criteria at once for charges related to management and ownership. Rule # 3 is about management and owners.

What’s wrong here:

in order to avoid interdependence between the companies of the group, so-called proxies are introduced into the ownership structure – nominal, that is, they do not really participate in business processes, packaged in a specific legal entity. Continue reading

Opportunities for mutual funds for financing in a group of companies

All this is really applicable to mutual funds. A mutual fund, as a tool, has unique properties. However, the high cost of “maintenance” due to the need to comply with a number of mandatory procedures makes mutual funds inaccessible and inappropriate for mass use.

Having rich experience in structuring a business using bold decisions and non-standard combinations of various organizational and legal forms, we will make a small remark – the effects achieved with the help of mutual funds are purely individual. Continue reading

When you can’t do without an agency agreement

We have repeatedly talked about the pros and cons of an agency agreement (see, for example, here), pointing out the need for a deliberate approach to the use of the tool, having a strong justification for the business purpose. Indeed, as practice shows, the use of the agency model of building relationships in a group of companies is mentioned in more than 10% of all cases related to the artificial fragmentation of a business.

However, there are situations when the specifics of doing business and the industry do not leave a chance to avoid an agency agreement. Continue reading

Tax-free transfer of property in business: which instrument to choose?
Why might a tax-free transfer of property be required? The change of ownership of property by concluding a sale and purchase agreement is recognized as a sale and entails the…

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Operating leverage: what happens to profit margins if revenues fall. And if it grows up?
Usually business owners are interested in two interrelated indicators: revenue and profit. Revenue shows how much the company earned, and profit shows how much is left after deducting expenses. Most…

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Margin analysis: which areas and products bring in more money
Let's imagine that confectioner Vasya Yagodkin sells one hundred cakes with raspberries and one hundred with currants every month. Raspberry ones bring him 50,000 rubles, and currants - only 30,000…

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