Progressive tax rate
Tax base and set of tax bases When determining the tax base, all incomes of an individual that are received by him both in cash and in kind or the…

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Preferential loans for legal entities and individual entrepreneurs
The state provides loans to businesses for resuming operations and for expenses related to the borrower's business activities. The funds issued are not earmarked; they can be used not only…

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Turnover or why fast business equals rich business
Business is a money-making box. You put capital in there, scroll and get some kind of profit at the exit. Accordingly, the more often you spin capital in a business…

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7 financial risks in business that can be worth millions
There are always risks in business, and there are many of them. Some cannot be influenced, for example, if the summer in the region turned out to be dry, agribusiness…

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Let's break it down into ions: writing off perishable food
The life cycle of a perishable can be from several hours to several years, but the shorter it is, the higher the risk of write-offs, so management must be clearly…

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include key

The third rule for building a group of companies without signs of artificial fragmentation.

Let’s turn to business process notation again. Earlier we decided on the inputs, the activity itself, and the outputs (goals). However, in arbitration practice on artificial fragmentation of a business, there are several criteria at once for charges related to management and ownership. Rule # 3 is about management and owners.

What’s wrong here:

in order to avoid interdependence between the companies of the group, so-called proxies are introduced into the ownership structure – nominal, that is, they do not really participate in business processes, packaged in a specific legal entity. Continue reading

Convertible loan as an investment tool
Тtraditionally, investment transactions are realized through ordinary loans or direct investments (creation of a joint venture or purchase of a stake in an existing company). Today we will consider a…

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Mistakes and risks of financing in the group of companies
You may already be familiar with our analytics on allegations of artificial business splitting, which covered all tax arbitration disputes in the context of "business splitting" in a complete manner.…

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10 mistakes entrepreneurs make in purchasing
Procurement is not only participation in tenders, but also simply the purchase of goods necessary for a business. Purchasing departments or managers play an important role in a company's business…

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